May 5 – 10, 2019
Europe/Berlin timezone

Traveling-Wave Electron Acceleration - Energy-efficient Laser-plasma acceleration beyond the dephasing and depletion limits

May 8, 2019, 4:15 PM
Main Hall (MedILS)

Main Hall



Dr Alexander Debus (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf)


We present Traveling-Wave Electron Acceleration (TWEAC), a novel compact electron accelerator scheme based on laser-plasma acceleration. While laser-plasma accelerators provide multi-GeV electron beams today, the acceleration to higher energies is limited. The sub-luminal group-velocity of plasma waves let electrons outrun the accelerating field.

In order to control the speed of the accelerating plasma cavity, TWEAC utilizes two pulse-front tilted laser pulses whose propagation directions enclose a configurable angle. The accelerating cavity is created along their overlap region in the plasma and can move at the vacuum speed of light. The oblique laser geometry enables to constantly cycle different laser beam sections through the interaction region, hence providing quasi-stationary conditions of the wakefield driver. Supported by 3D particle-in-cell simulations using PIConGPU, we show that TWEAC offers constant acceleration without a dephasing electron beam while avoiding usual laser pump depletion within the interaction region. This opens the way for electron energies beyond 10 GeV, possibly towards TeV class electron beams, without the need for multiple laser-accelerator stages. For lower GeV-scale electron energies, TWEAC at high plasma densities and 10TW-class laser systems could enable compact accelerators at kHz-repetition rates.

After analyzing stability of acceleration and possible limits of the scheme, we present energy scaling laws for both laser as well as electrons and detail experimental design considerations. By comparing the energy efficiency of various TWEAC designs to LWFA, we find using simulations that for low-angle TWEAC setups, it is possible to accelerate high-charge bunches with laser to electron beam energy efficiencies close to 50%, which exceeds energy efficiencies typically attained with LWFA.

Working group Laser-driven electron acceleration

Primary author

Dr Alexander Debus (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf)


Mr Richard Pausch (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Mr Axel Huebl (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Dr Klaus Steiniger (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Mr René Widera (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Prof. Thomas Cowan (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Prof. Ulrich Schramm (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Dr Michael Bussmann (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf)

Presentation materials