May 5 – 10, 2019
Europe/Berlin timezone

Off-harmonic optical probe diagnostic for high intensity laser interaction with hydrogen targets

May 8, 2019, 3:10 PM
Main Hall (MedILS)

Main Hall


Oral Contribution Diagnostics


Dr Karl Zeil (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf)


The development of high-intensity short-pulse lasers in the Petawatt regime offers the possibility to design new compact accelerator schemes by utilizing high-density targets for the generation of high energy ion beams. The optimization of the acceleration process demands comprehensive diagnostic of the plasma dynamics involved, for example via spatially and temporally resolved optical probing. Experimental results can then be compared to numerical particle-in-cell simulations, which is particularly sensible in the case of cryogenic hydrogen jet targets [1]. However, strong plasma self-emission and conversion of the plasma’s drive laser wavelength into its harmonics often masks the interaction region and interferes with the data analysis. Recently, the development of a stand-alone and synchronized probe laser system for off-harmonic probing at the DRACO laser operated at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden–Rossendorf showed promising performance [2].
Here, we present an updated stand-alone probe laser system applying a compact CPA system based on a synchronized fs mode-locked oscillator operating at 1030 nm, far off the plasma’s drive laser wavelength of 800 nm. A chirped volume Bragg grating is used as a hybrid stretcher and compressor unit [3]. The system delivers 160 fs pulses with a maximum energy of 0.9 mJ. By deploying the probe laser pulses in laser-proton acceleration experiments with renewable cryogenic hydrogen jet targets, the plasma self-emission could be significantly suppressed while studying the temporal evolution of the expanding plasma jet. Hence, for varied drive laser contrast parameters, by the use of a plasma mirror, the on target contrast was measured and correlated to the temporal drive laser profile.


[1] L. Obst, et al. Efficient laser-driven proton acceleration from cylindrical and planar cryogenic hydrogen jets. Sci. Rep., 7:10248, 2017.
[2] T. Ziegler, et al. Optical probing of high intensity laser interaction with micron-sized
cryogenic hydrogen jets. Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, 2018. doi:10.1088/1361-6587/
[3] L. Loeser, et al. A compact and robust millijoule CPA laser system based on Yb:CaF₂ delivering 160fs pulses. under review.

Working group Diagnostics

Primary authors

Mr Constantin Bernert (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Dr Hans-Peter Schlenvoigt (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Dr Josefine Metzkes-Ng (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Dr Karl Zeil (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Mrs Lieselotte Obst-Huebl (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Dr Markus Loeser (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Mr Martin Rehwald (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Dr Mathias Siebold (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Dr Stephan Kraft (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Mr Tim Ziegler (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf) Prof. Ulrich Schramm (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf)

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